international trade

Global renewable energy trade network: patterns and determinants

We develop global renewable energy trade networks (GRETNs) during 2000–2018 and explore the patterns and determinants based on bilateral trade data. Global renewable energy trade network in 2018 Author: Qi Zhang Updated: February 2024

Evolution of structural properties and determinants of global waste paper trade network

Global waste paper trade not only addresses resource scarcity issues, alleviates environmental pressures and brings substantial economic gains, but also contributes to the development of global circular economy. Here, we construct global waste paper trade networks (GWPTNs) during 2000–2018, and examine their structural evolution and determinants.